Horace Greeley’s second “bit part” in a major Nast satire occurred in
“Amphitheatrum Johnsonianum” (March 30, 1867), and is evidence of the two men’s
shared political sentiment at the time. The image is a harsh criticism of what
the cartoonist believed was President Andrew Johnson’s ultimate responsibility
for the New Orleans riot of the previous summer. On July 30, 1866, New Orleans
city police and former Confederates had clashed with white delegates to a state
constitutional convention and their black supporters during the early phase of
Reconstruction. The melee left 34 blacks and three white Republicans dead.
This cartoon was probably completed months before its publication and held to
coincide with the release of a congressional report on the riot.